Media professionals study the law to ensure that they can operate freely and ethically when transmitting news, information and entertainment. And since digital has transformed everyone into a publisher, the ability to understand communication issues is important for everyone. What are the essential basic things you should know about communication law? Media ethics involve the possession and use of a set of morals. Morality in journalism, radio and print media involves publishing accurate and inclusive information. This also includes honesty, which was discussed earlier in the chapter and called good faith. One of the missing morals in journalism is payola, a secret or private payment in exchange for promoting a product, service, etc. by abusing one`s own position, influence, or institutions.  For example, if a radio personality constantly says that a particular restaurant is their favorite place and tells listeners to visit the establishment, it is legal. However, if it is discovered that the person received money from the manager in exchange for on-air advertising, this is considered Payola, which is very illegal. The FCC was created by the Communications Act of 1934, a comprehensive framework for communications in the United States. A policy is an approach taken by an organization for reasons of expediency. Without the Communications Act of 1934, which serves as a guideline for the media community, there would be no clear written guide for media professionals to understand their regulatory limits. Apart from the few concepts that cannot be printed or disseminated illegally, print and broadcast journalists are free to write and say whatever they want. Serious professionals are proud of the freedoms granted to them by the First Amendment, especially the « freedom of the press » section. However, there was a time when some journalists did not enjoy this freedom. The U.S. was ready to go to war with France, and President John Adams used dirty politics to ensure the U.S. would gain the upper hand. The practical benefits of studying communications law may simply be to avoid trouble in navigating, for example, the maze of issues surrounding defamation, invasion of privacy, copyright infringement, and advertising or broadcasting regulations. An understanding of the law can also help with the day-to-day execution of work, how to file an access to information request, how to oppose the closure of a courtroom, or how to resist censorship.
• Code of Ethics www.jeasprc.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/JEAadvisercodeof-ethics-2012.pdf Alex Jones — host and owner of the far-right conspiracy website « Infowars.com » — will have to pay tens of millions of dollars to settle defamation lawsuits related to his lies about the 2012 massacre at a Sandy Hook CT elementary school. Privacy breach is unfortunately a common but illegal practice to obtain information for certain publications. Privacy is the state of being free from interference or disruption in one`s private life or business. There are some surprising facts about how far a media professional can go to get information. For example, society has little or no right to media privacy in a public place.  Often, when television commercials show a busy street where people go about their business, viewers assume that everyone has been informed that they will be on television. In some cases, they may have been told. However, it is not illegal for them not to know the cameras.
If someone in a public place can see you, the media has the right to write about individuals, what they did, and also to take pictures of people. Individual human rights, social responsibility and the marketplace of ideas are among the principles of democratic societies that the study of communication law opens to our understanding. • The common core has room for law and ethics jeasprc.org/yes-common-core-has-room-for-law-ethics/ Similar to impartiality, objectivity is an element of writing, meaning it is not influenced by personal feelings, interpretations, or biases. Writing is strictly based on facts if it is objective. Without objectivity, an author risks making readers believe that false information, such as a mere opinion, is actually true. An objective writer will support the open exchange of opinions, even those he might find unpleasant or repugnant.